Flight Examiner (FE) SE / ME / Landplane / Seaplane
Flight Instructor Rating
Cessna 152 work horse of most flying clubs
Flight Instructor
Spinning and aerobatics in a
Robin 2160i
PA28 Warriors are also flying club favourites for training
Multi-engine flying maybe conducted on the PA34 Seneca

Introduction

On-Track Aviation is one of a small number of ATOs in the UK offering FE(A) training courses. The training is conducted at On-Track Aviation at Wellesbourne Mountford Aerodrome, Warwickshire. The assessment of competence is conducted by a UK CAA Staff FE or senior examiner at a mutually acceptable location

All applicants considering becoming an FE(A) shall apply to the CAA in the first instance. If the applicant's qualifications meet the Part FCL requirements then they will receive a letter enabling them to complete the FE(A) course

The applicant will be assessed throughout the training course as well as during the assessment of competence

Aims

The aims of FE(A) course are:

(a) To ensure that the candidate has the skill and potential to become a FE(A) on SE aeroplanes

(b) To describe the FE(A) requirements, responsibilities and revalidation requirements

(c) To explain the principles of standard examiner techniques

(d) To add ME privileges (if applicable)

(e) To add Seaplane privileges (if applicable)

Objectives

The applicant must be able to:

(a) Demonstrate a pre-flight and post flight briefing to include facilitative skills

(b) Demonstrate how to conduct a flight test and ground examination

(c) State the privileges of the FE(A)

(d) Describe instructor revalidation and renewal requirements

(e) Explain the how to complete the flight test documentation and administration

(f) Correctly assess the applicant's performance including teaching and non-teaching skills

Pre-Entry Requirements

(a) hold the relevant instructor certificate, as applicable to the examiner certificate sought

(b) to examine for the LAPL(A) have completed 500 hours of flight time as pilot of aeroplanes or TMG including at least 100 hours of flight instruction

(c) to examine for the PPL(A) have completed 1000 hours of flight time as pilot of aeroplanes or TMG including at least 250 hours of flight instruction

In addition, the following material should be studied prior to starting the course:

EASA Part FCL, ARA, ORA including AMC and GM
CAA Flight Examiners Handbook
EASA Flight Examiners Manual
UK CAA Standards Documents 14, 19, 21, 25
CAP 804
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011
CAA Communication - Safety Directive, Safety Notice, Information Notice

Training

Complete a training course (see note) at an ATO covering the following:

Note:
FE course SE privileges only - 3 days
FE course SE and ME privileges - 4 days
FE course to add ME privileges to a FE SE certificate - 2 days
FE course to add Seaplane privileges to a FE certificate - 2 days

Day 1

Introduction and plan for course

Examiner authorisations and requirements
# Appointments
# Validity
# Standardisation
# Who may test whom?
# Authorisation restrictions

Basic examining techniques and the role of the examiner
Flight Examiners Handbook/Flight Examiners Manual
UK CAA Standards Documents 14, 19, 21, 25
CAP 393 ANO
EASA Part FCL, ORA, ARA including AMC, GM and Appendices
CAA Communication - Safety Directive, Safety Notice, Information Notice
L & TS Approvals / Approvals Support - LTSApprovals@caa.co.uk

Review of examiner core course
Demonstration of knowledge (Quiz)

Flight test documentation and administration
# Flight crew licence - checking and making entries
# Pilot logbook - checking and recording of flight time
# Medical certificate
# Identification
# Approved course completion certificates
# PPL(A)/LAPL(A) skill test report forms and examiner’s record
# Class and type rating test/check report forms and examiner’s record
# Notification of failure form
# Insurance
# Personal data protection
# Appeals against conduct of flight tests
# Second or subsequent series failure report form

PPL(A) / LAPL(A) skill test
# Purpose of test
# Test schedule, profile and format
# Test tolerances
# Test standard
# Planning for the test
# Route selection
# Separate flights for navigation
# Oral examination

Class/type rating skill test and proficiency check
# Revalidation and renewal requirements
# Test/check schedules
# Oral examination
# Administration of forms, licence and logbook

Examiner briefing format and techniques
# Initial briefing
# Planning
# Main briefing
# Use of aide memoire
Sample briefing by tutor
Practice briefing by FE applicant - review

Conduct of flight exercises
# Examiner conduct - acting as passenger, keeping notes, directing the sequence of events, intervention, briefing, lookout
# Handling of simulated emergencies and abnormal procedures - scenario, realism, safety
# Termination of flight test
# Repeat manoeuvres
# Use of GPS, autopilot, flight director (where fitted)
# Tests/checks in aircraft with:
Single Power Lever Control (SPLC)
Integrated instrument/avionics displays
Electronic Flight Instruments System (EFIS)
Traffic Information Service (TIS)
Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS)
Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS)

Day 2

Review of previous day's training

Assessment
# In flight recording
# Termination of flight test
# Repeat manoeuvres
# Partial pass
# Incomplete tests
# Appeals against conduct of flight tests (Regulation 6)

Actions after flight
# Assessing performance against requirements
# Identifying, assessing and debriefing CRM and TEM
# De-briefing techniques, technical errors, non-technical errors, facilitation
# Failure of test - privileges affected
# Re-test requirements
# Re-training - recommended versus mandatory
# Completion of test report forms and/or licence / log book entries
# Statistical records
Sample de-briefing by tutor
Practice de-briefing by FE applicant – review

Practice class/type rating skill test - applicant acting as examiner

Day 3

Review of previous day's training

Practice PPL(A)/LAPL(A) skill test - applicant acting as examiner

Conduct of non-EASA tests and checks

Arrangements for the conduct of tests
# Booking and arranging tests
# Use of aeroplanes - equipment, documents, maintenance, serving, insurance, DFT approval
# Use of aerodromes - licence and unlicensed
# Planning and briefing facilities
# Test fees
# Delays, rescheduling, rebooking

Review of training course

Briefing on the format of the FE assessment of competence - SE privileges
# Role of applicant and CAA Staff FE or senior examiner

Day 4/5 (if multi-engine examiner privileges required)

Introduction and plan for course

ME examining techniques in the air
# Engine failures

ME class/type rating skill test and proficiency check
# Revalidation and renewal requirements
# Purpose of test
# Test schedule, profile and format - plan for the test
# Test standard
# Written examination
# Administration of forms, licence and logbook

Flight test documentation and administration for ME tests

Review of examiner core course
Demonstration of knowledge (Quiz)

Practice ME skill test – applicant acting as examiner

Review of training course

Briefing on the format of the FE assessment of competence - ME privileges
# Role of applicant and CAA Staff FE or senior examiner

FE Assessment of Competence

On successful completion of the training a recommendation will be made for the applicant to complete the assessment of competence. This must be carried out within 6 months of completion of the training. Failure to do so will result in the need for extra training
.
The applicant will be required to conduct a PPL(A)/LAPL(A) skill test with a CAA Staff FE or senior examiner acting as the applicant. The skill test schedules are given below

PPL(A) Skill Test Schedule

Note: Use of checklist, airmanship, control of aeroplane by external visual reference, anti/de-icing procedures, etc. apply in all sections

Section 1 Pre-Flight Operations and Departure
Pre-flight documentation, NOTAM and weather briefing
Mass and balance and performance calculation
Aeroplane inspection and servicing
Engine starting and after starting procedures
Taxiing and aerodrome procedures, pre-take-off procedures
Take-off and after take-off checks
Aerodrome departure procedures
ATC compliance and R/T procedures

Section 2 General Airwork
ATC compliance and R/T procedures
Straight and level flight, with speed changes
Climbing:
(i) best rate of climb
(ii) climbing turns
(iii) levelling off
Medium (30° bank) turns
Steep (45° bank) turns (including recognition and recovery from a spiral dive)
Flight at critically low air speed with and without flaps
Stalling:
(i) clean stall and recover with power
(ii) approach to stall descending turn with bank angle 20°, approach configuration
(iii) approach to stall in landing configuration
Descending:
(i) with and without power
(ii) descending turns (steep gliding turns)
(iii) levelling off

Section 3 En-Route Procedures
Flight plan, dead reckoning and map reading
Maintenance of altitude, heading and speed
Orientation, timing and revision of ETAs and log keeping
Diversion to alternate aerodrome (planning and implementation)
Use of radio navigation aids
Basic instrument flying check (180° turn in simulated IMC)
Flight management (checks, fuel systems and carburettor icing, etc)
ATC compliance and R/T procedures

Section 4 Approach and Landing Procedures
(* These items may be combined at the discretion of the examiner)
Aerodrome arrival procedures
*Precision landing (short field landing), crosswind, if suitable conditions available
*Flapless landing
*Approach to landing with idle power (SE only)
Touch and go
Go-around from low height
ATC compliance and R/T procedures
Actions after flight

Section 5 Abnormal and Emergency Procedures
(This section may be combined with sections 1 through 4)
Simulated engine failure after take-off (SE only)
*Simulated forced landing (SE only)
Simulated precautionary landing (SE only)
Simulated emergencies
Oral questions

Section 6 Simulated Asymmetric Flight and Relevant Class or Type Items
(This section may be combined with sections 1 through 5)
Simulated engine failure during take-off (at a safe altitude unless carried out in an FFS)
Asymmetric approach and go-around
Asymmetric approach and full stop landing
Engine shutdown and restart
ATC compliance, R/T procedures or airmanship
As determined by the FE: any relevant items of the class or type rating skill test to include, if applicable:
(i) aeroplane systems including handling of auto pilot
(ii) operation of pressurisation system
(iii) use of de-icing and anti-icing system
Oral questions

LAPL(A) Skill Test Schedule

Use of checklist, airmanship, control of aeroplane or TMG by external visual reference, anti/de-icing procedures, etc. apply in all sections

Section 1 Pre-Flight Operations and Departure
Pre-flight documentation, NOTAM and weather briefing
Mass and balance and performance calculation
Aeroplane or TMG inspection and servicing
Engine starting and after starting procedures
Taxiing and aerodrome procedures, pre-take-off procedures
Take-off and after take-off checks
Aerodrome departure procedures
ATC liaison: compliance

Section 2 General Airwork
ATC liaison
Straight and level flight, with speed changes
Climbing:
(i) best rate of climb
(ii) climbing turns
(iii) levelling off
Medium (30° bank) turns, look-out procedures and collision avoidance
Steep (45° bank) turns
Flight at critically low air speed with and without flaps
Stalling:
(i) clean stall and recover with power
(ii) approach to stall descending turn with bank angle 20°, approach configuration
(iii) approach to stall in landing configuration
Descending:
(i) with and without power
(ii) descending turns (steep gliding turns)
(iii) levelling off

Section 3 En-Route Procedures
Flight plan, dead reckoning and map reading
Maintenance of altitude, heading and speed
Orientation, airspace structure, timing and revision of ETAs, log keeping
Diversion to alternate aerodrome (planning and implementation)
Flight management (checks, fuel systems, carburettor icing, etc)
ATC liaison: compliance

Section 4 Approach and Landing Procedures
Aerodrome arrival procedures
Collision avoidance (look-out procedures)
Precision landing (short field landing) and crosswind, if suitable conditions available
Flapless landing (if applicable)
Approach to landing with idle power
Touch and go
Go-around from low height
ATC liaison
Actions after flight

Section 5 Abnormal and Emergency Procedures
(This section may be combined with Sections 1 through 4)
Simulated engine failure after take-off
*Simulated forced landing
*Simulated precautionary landing
Simulated emergencies
Oral questions
(* These items may be combined, at the discretion of the FE)

Validity

36 months

Revalidation

(a) Conduct 2 skill tests/proficiency checks/assessments of competence within each year of the validity of the certificate

(b) Conduct 1 test in the final year as an observed or dummy test with a CAA Staff FE or senior examiner

(c) Attend an examiner seminar in the final year of validity of the certificate

Renewal

(a) Complete a skill test/proficiency check/assessment of competence as an observed or dummy test with a CAA Staff FE or senior examiner

(b) Attend an examiner seminar

Privileges (FE)

Conduct skill tests for the issue of a PPL(A)/LAPL(A)

Conduct skill tests for the issue of class ratings and SP type ratings (except for SP HPCA type ratings)

Conduct proficiency checks for revalidation and renewal of class ratings and SP type ratings (except for SP HPCA type ratings)

Sign certificates in respect of class ratings and SP type ratings for revalidation or renewal

References

CAA Standards Documents 14, 19, 21, 25
CAA Flight Examiners Handbook (FEH)
EASA Flight Examiners Manual (FEM)
CAP 393 Air Navigation Order (ANO)
CAP 804
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011

 

On-Track Aviation Limited: Wellesbourne Mountford Aerodrome, Loxley Lane, Wellesbourne, Warwickshire. CV35 9EU, United Kingdom
T +44 (0)1789 842777 | F +44 (0)1789 842755 | email: info@ontrackaviation.com | skype: ontrackegbw |Registered in England: 4017255 | Approval No:GBR.ATO.0179
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