Multi-Engine Piston (MEP) Class Rating

The PA34 Seneca is used by many
flying schools when training their students for the MEP Class Rating

The PA34 Seneca V (seen above) is the
latest version to be built by Piper

The PA44 Seminole is another popular training aeroplane used for the multi-engine rating

General

The course is completed on a PA44 Seminole and includes flight and theoretical knowledge training. On completion of the training the applicant shall complete a written examination and skill test. To accompany the course there is a training manual, aeroplane technical notes and checklist

Pre-Course Entry Requirements

An applicant for a first class rating on a single pilot multi-engine aeroplane shall have completed at least 70 hours as PIC on aeroplanes

Flight Training

The flight training course for a single pilot multi-engine class rating shall include:

(a) at least 2 hours and 30 minutes of dual flight instruction under normal conditions of multi-engine aeroplane operations

(b) not less than 3 hours 30 minutes of dual flight instruction in engine failure procedures and asymmetric flight techniques

Ground Training

The theoretical knowledge course for a single pilot multi-engine class rating shall include at least 7 hours of instruction in multi-engine aeroplane operations

The syllabus of theoretical knowledge should cover the following:
# Detailed listing for aeroplane structure and equipment, normal operation of systems and malfunctions
# Limitations
# Performance, flight planning and monitoring
# Load and balance and servicing
# Emergency procedures
# Special requirements for glass cockpit aeroplanes with EFIS (if applicable)
# Flight management systems (if applicable)

Theoretical Knowledge Examination

Pass a written examination consisting of 50 multiple choice questions covering aspects of multi-engine operations and aircraft type specific limitations. The pass mark is 75%

Skill Test

The applicant shall pass the skill test within a period of 6 months after commencement of the class or type rating training course and within a period of 6 months preceding the application for the issue of the class rating

Before a skill test for the issue of the rating is taken, the applicant shall have passed the required theoretical knowledge examination

In any case, the theoretical knowledge instruction shall always have been completed before the skill test is taken

The applicant for a skill test shall be recommended for the test by the organisation/person responsible for the training, once the training is completed. The training records shall be made available to the examiner. The skill test schedule is given below

Section 1 Departure
Pre-flight including: Documentation, NOTAM, Mass and Balance, Weather briefing
Pre-start checks: External and Internal
Engine Starting: Normal and Malfunctions
Taxiing
Pre-departure checks: Engine run-up (if applicable)
Take-off procedure: Normal with Flight Manual flap settings, Crosswind (if conditions available)
Climbing: Vx / Vy, Turns onto headings, Level off
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Section 2 Airwork (VMC)
Straight and level flight at various airspeeds including flight at critically low airspeed with and without flaps (including approach to Vmca when applicable)
Steep turns: 360º left and right at 45º bank
Stalls and recovery:
(i) Clean stall
(ii) Approach to stall in descending turn with bank with approach configuration and power
(iii) Approach to stall in landing configuration and power
(iv) Approach to stall, climbing turn with take-off flap and climb power (SE only)
Handling using autopilot and flight director (may be conducted in Section 3) (if applicable)
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Section 3A En-Route Procedures (VFR)
(Section 3A shall be completed to revalidate a type or multi-engine class rating, VFR only, where the required experience of 10 route sectors within the previous 12 months has not been completed. Section 3A is not required if section 3B is completed)
Flight plan, dead reckoning and map reading
Maintenance of altitude, heading and speed
Orientation, timing and revision of ETAs
Use of radio navigation aids (if applicable)
Flight management (flight log, routine checks including fuel, systems and icing)
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Section 3B Instrument Flight
(This section is only required if IR privileges are to be revalidated/renewed)
Departure IFR
En-route IFR
Holding procedures
ILS to DH(A) of 200 ft (60m) or to procedure minima (autopilot may be used to glideslope intercept)
Non-precision approach to MDH(A) and map
Flight exercises including: Simulated failure of the compass and attitude indicator, Rate 1 turns, Recoveries from unusual attitudes
Failure of localiser or glideslope
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Section 4 Arrival and Landings
Aerodrome arrival procedure
Normal landing
Flapless landing
Crosswind landing (if suitable conditions)
Approach and landing with idle power from up to 2000 ft above the runway (SE only)
Go-around from minimum height
Night go-around and landing (if applicable)
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Section 5 Abnormal and Emergency Procedures
(This section may be combined with sections 1 through 4)
Rejected take-off at a reasonable speed
Simulated engine failure after take-off (SE only)
Simulated forced landing without power (SE only)
Simulated emergencies: Fire or smoke in flight, System’s malfunctions as appropriate
Engine shutdown and restart at a safe altitude if performed in an aeroplane (ME only)
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Section 6 Simulated Asymmetric Flight
(This section may be combined with sections 1 through 5)
Simulated engine failure during take-off (at a safe altitude unless carried out in FFS or FNPT II)
Asymmetric approach and go-around
Asymmetric approach and full stop landing
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Privileges

To act as PIC of a MEP class of aircraft

Validity

12 months

Revalidation

(a) pass a proficiency check in the relevant class or type of aeroplane or an FSTD representing that class or type, within the 3 months immediately preceding the expiry date of the rating
AND
(b) complete during the period of validity of the rating, at least:
# 10 route sectors as pilot of the relevant class or type of aeroplane
OR
# 1 route sector as pilot of the relevant class or type of aeroplane or FFS, flown with an examiner. This route sector may be flown during the proficiency check

A pilot working for a commercial air transport operator approved in accordance with the applicable air operations requirements who has passed the operators proficiency check combined with the proficiency check for the revalidation of the class or type rating shall be exempted from complying with the requirement in (b) above

Renewal

(a) Refresher training at an ATO, when necessary to reach the level of proficiency necessary to safely operate the relevant class or type of aircraft
AND
(b) pass a proficiency check

Notes:
1. A route sector is defined as a flight comprising take-off, departure, cruise of not less than 15 minutes, arrival, approach and landing phases
2. The revalidation of an IR(A), if held, may be combined with a proficiency check for the revalidation of a class or type rating

References

Pre-Flight Briefing Manual Multi-Engine Course by Mike Woodgate
Flying Training Multi-Engine Manual by R D Campbell
The Commercial Pilot's Study Manual Series By Mike Burton (Volume 2 only)
On-Track Aviation Limited Multi-Engine Student Notes
UK CAA Standards Document 14
CAP 804
Part FCL including AMC and GM
CAA Communication - Safety Directive, Safety Notice, Information Notice
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1178/2008

 

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