Upset Prevention Recovery Training (UPRT) Instructor - Aeroplane

Citarbia, T67 Firefly and Robin 2160 aerobatic aeroplanes are ideal
for the course

Training is conducted by FIC instructors with UPRT experience
Spinning is part of the UPRT instructor training course

General

Instructors wishing to give UPRT instruction shall be qualified in accordance with FCL.915(e). To gain the UPRT instructor certificate the candidate shall complete a course of training at an ATO and pass an assessment of competence with an FIE

This requirement shall come into force in April 2018. Prior to this date transitional provisions shall apply.

Transitional Provisions

Holders of an instructor certificate issued before April 2018 shall receive additional relevant instructor training prior to delivering:

(a) upset prevention training in an aeroplane

(b) upset prevention and recovery training in an FSTD

Pre-Course Entry Requirements

An applicant for an UPRT instructor certificate shall have:

(a) at least a licence, rating and instructor certificate for which instruction is being given

(b) completed at least 500 hours of flight time as pilot of aeroplanes, including 200 hours of flight instruction

(c) an aerobatic rating

(d) passed a pre-entry flight assessment with an instructor holding the privilege to instruct on the UPRT instructor course within 6 months preceding the start of the course, to assess their ability to undertake the course. The pre-entry assessment may be based on selected elements of the assessment of competence in AMC1 FCL.915(e) whilst taking into account the experience level of the candidate

Ground Training

Theoretical knowledge instruction on the upset recovery exercises in AMC1 FCL.745.A and the additional instructor upset recovery course elements in AMC1 FCL.915(e)(d)(1). The subjects are given below:

* TEM and CRM   
* Human Factors - Managing Consequential Psychological and Physiological Effects of Developed Upsets 
* Application of Recovery Templates         
* Application of the OEM Stall Recovery Procedure or Stall Recovery Template        
* Application of Spin Recovery Technique               

* Completion of a Flight Risk Assessment  
* Resilience and Confidence Building Strategies, Managing Startle and Surprise      
* Understanding the Operating Environment        
* Understanding the Limitations and Type Specific Characteristics of the Aeroplane used for Training             
* Value and Benefits of an Instructor led Demonstration                  
* Energy Management Factors      
* Workload Management               
* Instructor Techniques to Induce and Manage Startle and Surprise             
* Upset Recognition and Recovery Strategies          
* Disorientation  
* Distraction         
* Recognition of Student Pilot Errors
* Intervention Strategies

The training shall be integrated with the flight training so that the maximum benefit is gained from time spent in the air

Flight Training

Flight instruction on the upset recovery course exercises in AMC1 FCL.745.A and the content of the assessment of competence in AMC1 FCL.915(e). The upset recovery course exercises are given below:

* Application of OEM Recommendations 
* Application of Stall Recovery Procedure               
* Recovery from the Incipient Spin

Assessment of Competence

On successful completion of the ground and flight training the applicant shall complete the assessment of competence in accordance with AMC1 FCL.915(e) conducted by an FIE. The assessment of competence schedule is given below

Section 1 Theoretical Knowledge Oral

* Aerodynamics
* Causes of and Contributing Factors to Upsets
* Learning from Causes and Contributing Factors following Accidents and Incidents Relating to Aeroplane Upsets
* G Awareness and Management
* Energy Management
* Flight Path Management
* Recognition of Developing and Developed Upset Conditions
* Upset Prevention and Recovery Techniques and Strategies
* System Malfunctions
* TEM, CRM and Human Factors
* Resilience and Confidence Building Strategies, Managing Startle and Surprise
* Instructor Intervention Skills

Section 2 Pre-Flight Preparation

* Correct Completion of a Flight Risk Assessment
* Understanding the Operating Environment
* Understanding the Limitations and Type-Specific Characteristics of the Aeroplane used for Training
* Safety Briefing

Section 3 The Flight

* Accurately Deliver the Training Curriculum Employing Sound Instructional Techniques
* Understand the Importance of Adhering to the Upset Recovery Scenarios that have been Validated by the Training Programme Developer during the Lesson
* Application of OEM Recommendations during Recovery from Nose-High and Nose-Low Attitudes
* Recovery from Various Bank Angles
* Recovery from the Spiral Dive
* Recovery from Aerodynamic Stalls, including Uncoordinated Stalls (Aggravating Yaw) and Recovery from Incipient Spin
* Recovery from an Accelerated Stall
* Recovery from Secondary Stall
* Recovery from a Fully Developed Spin
* Instructor led Demonstrations
* Instructor Techniques to Induce and Manage Startle and Surprise
* Recognition of Student Pilot Errors
* Recover the Aeroplane in those Instances when Corrections are Required which could Exceed the Capabilities of the Student Pilot; Intervention Strategies
* Foresee the Development of Flight Conditions which might Exceed Aeroplane Limitations and Acting Swiftly and Appropriately to Maintain Necessary Margins of Safety
* Project the Aeroplane’s Flight Path and Energy State based on Present Conditions with Consideration to Both Current and Anticipated Flight Control Inputs
* Determine when it Becomes Necessary to Interrupt Training to Maintain Safety and the Well Being of the Student Pilot

Section 4 Post Flight Debriefing

* Accurately Assess the Student Pilot’s Performance Levels and Provide Effective Remediation
* Use of Available Instructor Tools for Providing Accurate Feedback on Student Pilot Performance
* Avoid Negative Transfer of Training

Notes:
1. The theoretical knowledge assessment in Section 1 is tested orally
2. Sections 2, 3 and 4 comprise exercises in order to demonstrate the ability to instruct in the course. The applicant is required to demonstrate competence in all the abilities, including briefing, flight instruction and exercises and debriefing

References

ICAO Doc 10011 Manual on Aeroplane Upset Prevention and Recovery Training First Edition 2014
FAA AC 120-111 Upset Prevention and Recovery Training
Aircraft Upset Recovery Training Aid (AURTA) Revision 2
AP3456 Royal Air Force Manual Flying (volume 1 only - Principles of Flight)
CAP 804
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011
Part FCL, AMC and GM

Validty

In order to maintain the upset recovery privileges, the instructor shall have conducted, within the preceding 3 months, at least one upset recovery exercise in an aeroplane during an upset recovery training course

Privileges

To deliver training in accordance with the train-to-proficiency concept on UPRT courses.

Note: Train-to-proficiency means approved training designed to achieve end-state performance objectives, providing sufficient assurances that the trained individual is capable of consistently carrying out specific tasks safely and effectively. In the context of this definition train-to-proficiency can be replaced by training-to-proficiency

To extend the privilege to instruct on the UPRT instructor course the candidate shall have 25 hours of upset recovery instruction experience in an aeroplane and have completed the assessment of competence to demonstrate to an Flight Instructor Examiner (FIE) the ability to instruct in the course

Revalidation / Renewal

In order to maintain the upset recovery privileges, the instructor shall have conducted, within the preceding 3 months, at least one upset recovery exercise in an aeroplane during an upset recovery training course

If the instructor has not fulfilled the requirement above, before exercising the privilege to conduct flight instruction for the upset recovery course, he/she shall receive theoretical and practical refresher training at an ATO to reach the required level of competence

 


 

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