Upset Prevention Recovery Training (UPRT) Instructor - Aeroplane

Citarbia, T67 Firefly and Robin 2160 aerobatic aeroplanes are ideal
for the course

Training is conducted by FIC instructors with UPRT experience
Spinning is part of the UPRT instructor training course


Instructors wishing to give UPRT instruction shall be qualified in accordance with FCL.915(e). To gain the UPRT instructor certificate the candidate shall complete a course of training at an ATO and pass an assessment of competence with an FIE

This requirement is planned to come into force in April 2019. Prior to this date transitional provisions shall apply.

Transitional Provisions

Holders of an instructor certificate issued before April 2019 shall receive additional relevant instructor training prior to delivering: 

(a) upset prevention training in an aeroplane 

(b) upset prevention and recovery training in an FSTD

Pre-Course Entry Requirements

An applicant for an UPRT instructor certificate shall have:

(a) complied with FCL.915(b)

(b) completed at least 500 hours of flight time as pilot of aeroplanes, including 200 hours of flight instruction

Ground Training

Theoretical knowledge instruction on the upset recovery exercises in AMC1 FCL.745.A and the additional instructor upset recovery course elements in AMC1 FCL.915(e)(d)(1). The subjects are given below:

* TEM and CRM   
* Human Factors - Managing Consequential Psychological and Physiological Effects of Developed Upsets  
* Application of Recovery Templates          
* Application of the OEM Stall Recovery Procedure or Stall Recovery Template         
* Application of Spin Recovery Technique                

* Completion of a Flight Risk Assessment   
* Resilience and Confidence Building Strategies, Managing Startle and Surprise       
* Understanding the Operating Environment         
* Understanding the Limitations and Type Specific Characteristics of the Aeroplane used for Training              
* Value and Benefits of an Instructor led Demonstration                   
* Energy Management Factors       
* Workload Management                
* Instructor Techniques to Induce and Manage Startle and Surprise              
* Upset Recognition and Recovery Strategies           
* Disorientation   
* Distraction          
* Recognition of Student Pilot Errors 
* Intervention Strategies

The training shall be integrated with the flight training so that the maximum benefit is gained from time spent in the air

Flight Training

Flight instruction on the upset recovery course exercises in AMC1 FCL.745.A and the content of the assessment of competence in AMC1 FCL.915(e). The upset recovery course exercises are given below:

* Application of OEM Recommendations  
* Application of Stall Recovery Procedure                
* Recovery from the Incipient Spin

Assessment of Competence

On successful completion of the ground and flight training the applicant shall complete the assessment of competence in accordance with AMC1 FCL.915(e) conducted by an FIE. The assessment of competence schedule is given below

Section 1 Theoretical Knowledge Oral 

* Aerodynamics 
* Causes of and Contributing Factors to Upsets 
* Learning from Causes and Contributing Factors following Accidents and Incidents Relating to Aeroplane Upsets 
* G Awareness and Management 
* Energy Management 
* Flight Path Management 
* Recognition of Developing and Developed Upset Conditions 
* Upset Prevention and Recovery Techniques and Strategies 
* System Malfunctions 
* TEM, CRM and Human Factors 
* Resilience and Confidence Building Strategies, Managing Startle and Surprise
* Instructor Intervention Skills

Section 2 Pre-Flight Preparation 

* Correct Completion of a Flight Risk Assessment 
* Understanding the Operating Environment 
* Understanding the Limitations and Type-Specific Characteristics of the Aeroplane used for Training
* Safety Briefing

Section 3 The Flight 

* Accurately Deliver the Training Curriculum Employing Sound Instructional Techniques 
* Understand the Importance of Adhering to the Upset Recovery Scenarios that have been Validated by the Training Programme Developer during the Lesson 
* Application of OEM Recommendations during Recovery from Nose-High and Nose-Low Attitudes 
* Recovery from Various Bank Angles 
* Recovery from the Spiral Dive 
* Recovery from Aerodynamic Stalls, including Uncoordinated Stalls (Aggravating Yaw) and Recovery from Incipient Spin 
* Recovery from an Accelerated Stall 
* Recovery from Secondary Stall 
* Recovery from a Fully Developed Spin
* Instructor led Demonstrations 
* Instructor Techniques to Induce and Manage Startle and Surprise 
* Recognition of Student Pilot Errors 
* Recover the Aeroplane in those Instances when Corrections are Required which could Exceed the Capabilities of the Student Pilot; Intervention Strategies 
* Foresee the Development of Flight Conditions which might Exceed Aeroplane Limitations and Acting Swiftly and Appropriately to Maintain Necessary Margins of Safety 
* Project the Aeroplane’s Flight Path and Energy State based on Present Conditions with Consideration to Both Current and Anticipated Flight Control Inputs 
* Determine when it Becomes Necessary to Interrupt Training to Maintain Safety and the Well Being of the Student Pilot

Section 4 Post Flight Debriefing 

* Accurately Assess the Student Pilot’s Performance Levels and Provide Effective Remediation 
* Use of Available Instructor Tools for Providing Accurate Feedback on Student Pilot Performance 
* Avoid Negative Transfer of Training

1. The theoretical knowledge assessment in Section 1 is tested orally
2. Sections 2, 3 and 4 comprise exercises in order to demonstrate the ability to instruct in the course. The applicant is required to demonstrate competence in all the abilities, including briefing, flight instruction and exercises and debriefing
3. The privileges shall be entered in the log book of the instructor and signed by the FIE


ICAO Doc 10011 Manual on Aeroplane Upset Prevention and Recovery Training First Edition 2014 
FAA AC 120-111 Upset Prevention and Recovery Training
Aircraft Upset Recovery Training Aid (AURTA) Revision 2
AP3456 Royal Air Force Manual Flying (volume 1 only - Principles of Flight)
CAP 804
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011
Part FCL, AMC and GM


In order to maintain the upset recovery privileges, the instructor shall have conducted, within the preceding 12 months:

(a) at least 1 hour of flight training as an instructor during a course in accordance with FCL.745.A


(b) completed refresher training at an ATO to the satisfaction of the Head of Training

Privilege to Instruct on UPRT Courses

To be able to instruct on UPRT instructor courses the instructor shall:

(a) have 25 hours of flight instruction experience during training according to FCL.745.A

(b) have completed an assessment of competence for this privilege

(c) comply with the recency requirements shown under Recency


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